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In this section, we'll look at structuring code into components.

Components are plain objects and functions

I use the term "components", which means many different things to different people, contexts, frameworks, and libraries.

I want to make it clear before going further that what I refer to in Meiosis as "components" are really just plain objects and functions. Simple functions, or functions that return other functions, but just functions nonetheless. There's no hidden behaviour and nothing magical. Most importantly, you decide how you want to structure components.

I use "components" because "objects" and "functions" are too generic. I call "components" the building blocks that are assembled together to create a web application.


Here is a temperature component:

import { createActions } from "./actions";
import { createView } from "./view";

export const createTemperature = update => ({
  model: () => ({
    date: "",
    value: 20,
    units: "C"

  view: createView(createActions(update))

We have a function to create the component, which receives update. We return an object with a model function that returns the component's initial model, and a view function to render the view. The view gets created from actions; actions are created by passing in update.


Actions call update to update the model:

export const createActions = update => ({
  editDate: evt =>
    update(model => { =;
      return model;

  increase: amount => _evt =>
    update(model => {
      model.value = model.value + amount;
      return model;

  changeUnits: _evt => update(model => {
    if (model.units === "C") {
      model.units = "F";
      model.value = Math.round( model.value * 9 / 5 + 32 );
    else {
      model.units = "C";
      model.value = Math.round( (model.value - 32) / 9 * 5 );
    return model;

We have actions for:

The view can conveniently call these actions.


The view is straightforward:

export const createView = actions => model => (
    <div>Date: <input type="text" size="10" value={}
    <span>Temperature: {model.value}&deg;{model.units} </span>
      <button onClick={actions.increase(1)}>Increase</button>
      <button onClick={actions.increase(-1)}>Decrease</button>
      <button onClick={actions.changeUnits}>Change Units</button>

The view simply renders the values from the model and calls actions when the user interacts with the UI.

The Meiosis Pattern

We can now set up and use our component with the Meiosis Pattern:

import flyd from "flyd";
import { createTemperature } from "./temperature";

const update =;
const temperature = createTemperature(update);
const models = flyd.scan((model, func) => func(model),
  temperature.model(), update);

const element = document.getElementById("app"); => ReactDOM.render(temperature.view(model), element));

Notice that the pattern works the same as before. After creating the temperature component, we can get the initial model from its model() function, and render the view by calling temperature.view(model).

You can see the full code example and experiment with it below:

Principles / Takeaways

Up Next

Before continuing to discuss components, we'll look at the time-travel development tool that Meiosis provides, the Meiosis Tracer.

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Meiosis is developed by @foxdonut00 / foxdonut and is released under the MIT license.